When you will loan money to My nation, don't be as a creditor to the poor person who is with you (Shmos 22:24).
There is an allusion to the following lesson here. 'Kesef', money
, is similar to the word for desire, Nichsof nichsafta
- you had longed greatly (Bereishis 31:30)
. 'Talveh', you will loan
, is derivative of the word connection or joining, Livyas chein - an adornment of grace (Mishlei 1:9)
Im Kesef - if you desire physical pleasures -Talveh - and connect yourself to them - remember the poor who is with you. This refers to the Gemara (Kiddushin 31a), Anyone who sins in private is comparable to someone who kicks the legs of the Divine Presence [As if he believes the Shechina isn't there with him in private]. The Divine Presence is like a poor person in the exile. The poor person - the Shechina is with you, whatever you are involved with. Wherever you turn, you draw the Divine Presence there with you. This is how one would kick the legs of the Shechina, so to speak. Don't be as a creditor - K'nosheh is like the word 'Shikchah', forgetting as in The Al-Mighty has made be forget - Ki Nashani Elokim (Bereishis 41:51). Don't forget the Shechina. Remember that the sin and spiritual blemish affects the Shechina as well, so to speak.
--Degel Machaneh Efraim
And Moshe went up to the mountain (Shmos 24:15).
Yehoshua waited at the bottom of the mountain until Moshe came down on the 17th of Tammuz. Mon fell from the heavens for Yehoshua every morning.
And these are the laws (Shmos 21:1).
This Parsha comes before Parshas Terumah to teach you that before a person can give Tzedaka and display the generosity of his heart, he must make sure that there is no possibility that his money comes from stolen property. Otherwise, the Tzedakah that he gives is like a stolen Lulav. The Mitzvah is invalid because it was generated through a transgression and it is not fulfilled. This is the meaning of the Posuk, Guard justice and perform acts of righteousness because My salvation is near. First justice and then acts of righteousness. Here as well, Mishpatim first and then Terumah, the gifts for the Mishkan. It must be in this order.
Don't be like a creditor to him. Do not place interest on him (Shmos 22:24).
Why does the Posuk say Like a creditor
? Shouldn't it just say, Don't be a creditor
? Furthermore, what does Don't place interest on him mean
? Why doesn't the Posuk use the same language as in Behar, Do not take interest from him
Sometimes a person loans money and is worried that the borrower will attempt to avoid him until he can pay the debt. Therefore, he tricks him by placing interest on him to make him want to pay on time. After he is repaid, he doesn't take the interest because his sole intention was just to hasten the repayment of the loan, not to be like a creditor.
This is what the Posuk means. Don't be like a creditor. Don't place interest on him. - even though you don't intend to take the interest, you only 'placed it on him' to hasten the repayment. You can't even be like a creditor.
--R' Yehoshua Leib Diskin
All that Hashem says we will do and we will listen (Shmos 24:7).
A person can never really achieve true understanding of the depth of the Torah and it Mitzvos. If a person were able to fully understand its depth, thoughts would be enough to fulfill the Mitzvos without action. However, since we cannot grasp the complete depth of the Torah and Mitzvos, we must perform actions through which we can bring the full light of the Mitzvah into our hearts. Without even understanding, the holiness of the Mitzvah is manifest after performing the correct actions.
Therefore, Klal Yisroel first said Naaseh - we will do the correct action even though we don't understand the depth of the spiritual light within the Mitzvos. They they said Nishma - we will listen. They asked that Hashem explain the Mitzvos and their depth afterwards. We will do refers to the simple performance of the Mitzvos. Let us perform them according to our abilities and then let us understand. Give us the ability to understand their depth.